The Standards define what students should understand and be able to do by the end of each grade band. As students progress towards the successful culmination of their high school careers, they will consolidate and internalize all of the skills instilled through the full progression of the GSE. High school students will employ strong, thorough, and explicit textual evidence in their literary analyses and technical research. They will understand the development of multiple ideas through details and structure and track the development of complex characters and advanced elements of plot such as frame narratives and parallel storylines.
Written by April Vogt on June 28, For a moment I want you to imagine though this may not be too far off from reality for some that you are the parent of a young child whose speech is severely unintelligible. Your child seems to understand language, but expressively the sounds and syllables of their words seem to be off target.
Apraxia is a type of motor speech disorder that affects the way the body is able to produce speech. Due to this neurological difference, children with apraxia struggle with sequencing and articulating sounds, syllables, and words when they are trying to communicate.
As a result of these struggles, children with apraxia can be difficult to understand. Apraxia is different from other motor speech disorders in that it is not caused by muscle weakness, a limited range of motion, or paralysis of any muscles.
Below, I have addressed some frequently asked questions that parents may have when faced with the possibility of apraxia. It is important to note that apraxia can go by many other labels, including its more formal name—childhood apraxia of speech CAS.
Apraxia is most often caused by neurological damage due to infection, illness, injury, or trauma. Apraxia can also be a secondary characteristic of other conditions including some genetic disorders, degenerative disorders, metabolic disorders, and even seizure disorders; however, not all children with these types of disorders will exhibit apraxia.
There are also instances when the cause of apraxia will be unknown and there will not be any apparent neurological indicators for why a child is exhibiting apraxia in speech.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Apraxia? Apraxia can be a perplexing disorder for parents due to its complexity.
Part of the confusion associated with the disorder is that not all children with apraxia will exhibit the same types of signs or symptoms. Symptoms can also vary in their severity from mild to profound.
The most common characteristics of apraxia include: Articulatory groping This is a type of searching or struggling behavior that a child attempts with their tongue, lips, or lower jaw when they are trying to communicate. Errors are inconsistent Different kinds of errors will occur on the same word when repeated over and over again.
Spontaneous speech Automatic speech i.
Multisyllabic words are harder The frequency of errors will increase the more complex the word or utterance. Prosody Prosody can be affected by a reduced rate of speech, monotone speech with little pitch variance, or the child may stress the wrong syllable or word.
Reduced speech intelligibility Due to the inconsistency and frequency of their errors in speech, children with apraxia will be difficult to understand to unfamiliar listeners. What Does Treatment for Apraxia Involve?
If you have concerns that your child may be exhibiting signs or symptoms of apraxia, it is important to have the child evaluated by an SLP. An SLP may be able to exclude other speech disorders to help determine if your child does have apraxia; this will also aid in determining a course of treatment.Learning Objectives.
After this lesson, students will be able to: identify the main categories and organizing procedures of an informative speech. Sep 11, · Lincoln-Douglas Debate Potential Topics (listed in alphabetical order) Resolved: A just government ought to pay reparations to indigenous populations for historical oppression.
Rhetorical Figures in Sound. + short audio and video clips illustrating stylistic figures of speech ranging from alliteration to timberdesignmag.com are taken from speeches, movies, sermons, and sensational media events and delivered by politicians, actors, preachers, athletes, and other notable personalities.
The American Sign Language Handshape Dictionary [Richard A. Tennant, Marianne Gluszak Brown, Valerie Nelson-Metlay] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Featuring •More than 1, Sign Illustrations Including New Signs •Plus DVD Showing How to Form Signs •Arranged by Handshape for Easy Identification •Complete Index of English Vocabulary for All Signs.
Approaches. One can sub-divide approaches to the origin of language according to some underlying assumptions: "Continuity theories" build on the idea that language exhibits so much complexity that one cannot imagine it simply appearing from nothing in its final form; therefore it must have evolved from earlier pre-linguistic systems among .
Resources. Here are some links to websites that we have found to be useful and informative. Undergraduate Studies. Speech-Language Pathology Assistant Application; American Sign Language Restriction Override Form; Advanced Research Experience Seminar (ARES) Graduate Studies.