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Main headings on disadvantage of internet

The latest attempt to describe a library catalog's goals and functions was made in with Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records FRBR which defines four user tasks: A catalog helps to serve as an inventory or bookkeeping of the library's contents.

If an item e. Library thieveswho may be staff or regular visitors of the library, risk discovery if an item listed in the catalog is missing from the shelves. To reduce this risk, a thief may also steal the catalog card describing the item. Eventually the mechanization of the modern era brought the efficiencies of card catalogs.

It was around that the first card catalog appeared in Vienna.

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It solved the problems of the structural catalogs in marble and clay from ancient times and the later codex handwritten and bound catalogs that were manifestly inflexible and presented high costs in editing to reflect a changing collection.

Using these books in a new system of public libraries included an inventory of all books. The backs of the playing cards contained the bibliographic information for each book and this inventory became known as the "French Cataloging Code of ".

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Very shortly afterward, Melvil Dewey and other American librarians began to champion the card catalog because of its great expandability. The first issue of the official publication of the American Library Association, the Library Journal, made clear that the most pressing issues facing libraries were the lack of a standardized catalog and an agency to administer a centralized catalog.

Responding to the standardization matter, the ALA formed a committee that quickly recommended the 2-byin 5-bycm "Harvard College size" cards as used at Harvard and the Boston Athenaeum. However, in the same report, the committee also suggested that a larger card, approximately 3 by 5 in 7.

By the end of the nineteenth century, the bigger card won out, mainly to the fact that the 3-byin 7. Melvil Dewey saw well beyond the importance of standardized cards and sought to outfit virtually all facets of library operations.

Write about each question in turn

With a focus on machine-cut index cards and the trays and cabinets to contain them, the Library Bureau became a veritable furniture store, selling tables, chairs, shelves and display cases, as well as date stamps, newspaper holders, hole punchers, paper weights, and virtually anything else a library could possibly need.

With this one-stop shopping service, Dewey left an enduring mark on libraries across the country. Uniformity spread from library to library. The decimal points divided different sections of the call number. The call number on the card matched a number written on the spine of each book.

He published his findings in the Annual Report of the Library for and they were adopted by many American libraries.

The catalog cards were 2 x 5 inches; the Harvard College size. One of the first acts of the newly formed American Library Association in was to set standards for the size of the cards used in American libraries, thus making their manufacture and the manufacture of cabinets, uniform.

If it was a non-fiction record, Charles A. Cutter's classification system would help the patron find the book they wanted in a quick fashion. Cutter's classification system is as follows: This was a widespread form of card catalog in North American libraries prior to the introduction of the computer-based catalog.

Mixed alphabetic catalog forms: Also called a Classified catalog. This catalog may also serve as the primary inventory for the library. A card catalog in the University Library of Graz The earliest librarians created rules for how to record the details of the catalog.

The seventh century BCE Babylonian Library of Ashurbanipal was led by the librarian Ibnissaru who prescribed a catalog of clay tablets by subject. Subject catalogs were the rule of the day, and author catalogs were unknown at that time.

The frequent use of subject-only catalogs hints that there was a code of practice among early catalog librarians and that they followed some set of rules for subject assignment and the recording of the details of each item.

These rules created efficiency through consistency—the catalog librarian knew how to record each item without reinventing the rules each time, and the reader knew what to expect with each visit.

The task of recording the contents of libraries is more than an instinct or a compulsive tic exercised by librarians; it began as a way to broadcast to readers what is available among the stacks of materials.

The tradition of open stacks of printed books is paradigmatic to modern American library users, but ancient libraries featured stacks of clay or prepaper scrolls that resisted browsing. There was no universal method, so some books were organized by language or book material, for example, but most scholarly libraries had recognizable categories like philosophy, saints, mathematics.

The first library to list titles alphabetically under each subject was the Sorbonne library in Paris. Library catalogs originated as manuscript lists, arranged by format folioquarto, etc.Peter Kent is the Deputy Principal at Richardson Primary in the ACT.

This article describes that school's recent experience with "Smart Boards" - an interactive computer display which allows the teacher to work through and navigate various software and the Internet from the same position as the traditional blackboard.


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