When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title — do not use a web address; do not wikilink. The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc ; follows transliteration defined in chapter.
Should be prefixed with an ISO two-character code to help browsers properly display the script: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link.
Use of the language parameter is recommended. Provides additional information about the media type of the source. May alternatively be used to identify the type of manuscript linked to in the title, if this is not the final version of a manuscript e.
Format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. The language in which the source is written.
Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category: CS1 foreign language sources ; do not use templates or wikilinks.
When the language is "English" or "en"no language is displayed in the citation. When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language.
Date of source being referenced. Can be full date day, month, and year or partial date month and year, season and year, or year. Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.
Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses.
If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help: For approximate year, precede with "c. Year of source being referenced. Original publication year; displays after the date or year.Capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle and all proper nouns or names.
Italicize the title and end with a period or if it has a question mark in the title, that is sufficient. Status of Publishing: Unpublished master's thesis. Citation issues can appear when writers use too much information from a source, rather than including their own ideas and commentary on sources' information.
The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper citation format for the source that they’re attempting to cite.
Books have a certain format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and so on. Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis).
Retrieved from Name of . Proper Bibliographic Reference Format: Bibliographic references are double-spaced and indented half an inch after the first line.
Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles.
Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university. Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university. How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA. Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a .